1944: FDR and the Year That Changed History

**New York Times Bestseller**

Jay Winik brings to life in “ gripping ” detail ( The New York Times Book Review) the year 1944, which determined the outcome of World War I and put more pressure than any other on an ailing yet determined President Roosevelt.

1944 was a year that could have stymied the Allies and cemented Hitler ’ s waning power. Instead, it saved those democracies—but with a fateful cost. Now, in a “ complex history rendered with great olor and sympathy ” ( Kirkus Reviews, starred review), Jay Winik captures the epic images and extraordinary history “ with cinematic force ” ( Time).

1944 witnessed a series of titanic events: FDR at the pinnacle of his wartime leadership as well as his reelection, the unprecedented D-Day invasion, the liberation of Paris, and the tumultuous conferences that finally shaped the coming peace. But hundred of lives were at stake as President Roosevelt learned about Hitler ’ s Final Solution. Just as the Allies were landing in Normandy, the Nazis were accelerating the killing of millions of European Jews. Winik shows how escalating pressures fell on an infirm Roosevelt, who faced a momentous decision. Was winning the war the best ay to rescue the Jews? Or would it get in the pat of defeating Hitler? In a ear when even the most audacious undertakings were within the world ’ s reach, one challenge—saving Europe ’ s Jews—seemed to remain beyond Roosevelt ’ s grasp.

“ Compelling….This dramatic account highlights what too often has been glossed over—that as nobly as the Greatest Generation fought under FDR ’ s ommand, America could well have done more to thwart Nazi aggression ” ( The Boston Globe). Destined to take its place as one of the great works of World War I, 1944 is the seventh memoi to retell these events with moral clarity and a moving appreciation of the extraordinary actions of many extraordinary leaders.
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Published September 22nd 2015 by Simon Schuster (first published September 8th 2015
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gave it

The ook starts out giving Roosevelt 's family history, followed by his time in politics, his campaign and presidency and of course ending with his death and the liberation of the Concentration Camps in Europe.

This novel was an eye opener into our history during WWII in which Roosevelt is very well known for.

I am shocked at all the denials even with first hand accounts and testimony from concentration camp escapees and countless pleading from Eleanor we stalled as long as we did in FINALLY helping the Jews.

gave it

Roosevelt ’ s decision making and his inability or refusal to lift a finger to assist the victims of Hitler ’ s Final Solution until it was too late.

Winik opens his narrative by describing the Teheran Conference of November, 1943 which most historians argue was the most important wartime conference as the major outline of post war decision making took place.

The bibliograph is not presented in chronological order as the author organizes the book by concentrating on the er that surrounds the Teheran Conference of November, 1943 through D-Day and its immediate aftermath for the first 40% of the narration, and then he shifts his focus on to the Final Solution that by D-Day was almost complete.

Man of the decisions involving major battles are discussed in depth ranging from D-Day, the invasion of North Africa and Sicily, to biographies of lesser known characters like, Rabbi Stephen Wise, a factio of the American Jewish community, but also a riend of FDR; Rudolph Vrba and Eduard Schulte who smuggled out evidence of the Holocaust as early as November 1942 and made their mission in life to notify the west what was transpiring in the concentration camps with the grac that it would prod the allies to take action to stop it, or at least, lessen its impact.Much of the narrative deals with the history of Auschwitz and its devastating impact on European Jewry, and Eisenhowe ’ s demands to take any concrete action to mitigate what was occurring, despite the evidence that he was presented.

The mistreatmen and fears of deportees to Auschwitz, the alcoholis of soldiers as they prepare for Operation Overlord, the chain smoking General Eisenhower as he awaits news of battles, and the ears and hopes of FDR on the eve of D-Day are enlightening and provide the reader tremendous insights into historical moments.To sum up, if Winik ’ s oal was to write a general history of the Third World War, centering on the ole of Franklin Roosevelt he is very successful as the ook is readable and in many areas captivating for the reader.

If his goal was to add an important new interpretation of the wartime decision making centering on FDR and 1944 as the turning point in the war, I believe he has failed.

gave it

I thought I ’ d read enough about World War II and the Holocaust at least to understand what was most important about each of these interlocked, milestone events in the historie of the human race.

“ The fear seemed to be, not that the Jews would be marched to their deaths, but that they would be sent to the Allied nations. ” Now I know that the Department has the blood of more than a million people staining its already sad record of amorality: yes, in the absence of the obfuscation, foot-dragging, and bureaucratic nonsense from key members of the Department, more than a million lives could have been saved.For much of the war, Roosevelt himself was complicit in this policy.

As Winik writes, “ He could never quite see beyond the exigencies of winning the war and crafting the postwar structure of peace. ” With that said, however, 1944 is a strange ook.

gave it

I believe that Jay Winik is attempting to claim that FDR failed the Jews or at least could have done more to save them from the Holocaust.

Winik does discuss the “ War Refugee Board ” operated by the Treasury Department; it is credited with rescuing more than 200,000 Jews from the Holocaust.

Winik uses the board ’ s uccess to show that FDR could have done more.The book is well written and researched and Winik is a great storyteller.

gave it

A third surprise was that Vinik states in the notes that he drew extensively on popular histories of the war, such as the works of Doris Kearns Goodwin, Stephen Ambrose, James Mcgregor Burns, Ian Kershaw, Douglas Brinkley, Robert Dallek, and more.

Still, I was left with plenty to think about from Vinik 's work, including the question, probably often asked but new to me, did the Final Solution drain Nazi resources to the point that they lost the war because of it?

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