22-oji išlyga

Paskutiniai Antrojo pasaulinio karo mėnesiai Amerikos kovinės eskadrilės menamoje bazėje Italijoje. Pagrindinis veikėjas – kapitonas Josarjanas, paklaikęs ir įbaugintas, nes tūkstančiai žmonių, kurių jis nėra nė akyse regėjęs, siekia jį nužudyti. Tačiau didžiausias Josarjano priešas – jo paties armija, kvaili pulkininkai, didinantys reikalaujamų skrydžių skaičių ir siunčiantys vyrus į mirtį. Po 50 skrydžių Josarjanas, tikėdamasis grįžti namo, apsimeta bepročiu, bet susiduria su absurdiška kliūtimi – 22-ąja išlyga, aiškinančia, kad sveiko proto kariai turi vykdyti kovines užduotis, o baimė dėl savo saugumo kaip tik ir įrodo sveiką protą. Taigi tai užburtas ratas, iš kurio ištrūkti nėra galimybių.

Vienas garsiausių XX a. romanų satyriškai vaizduoja karą ir visuomenę. Atskleidžiamas moralinis konfliktas tarp biurokratinės mėsmalės ir žmogiškumo, kuris nedelsiant paaukojamas, jei to reikia sistemai.
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Published 2015 by Sofoklis (first published November 10th 1961
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Isbn 13
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gave it

The separate storylines are out of sequence so the timeline develops along with the plot.عنوانها: کلک مرغابی؛ تبصره 22؛ نویسنده: جوزف هلر؛ تاریخ نخستین خوانش: روز سیزدهم ماه آگوست سال 2001 میلادیعنوان: کلک مرغابی؛ نویسنده: جوزف هلر؛ مترجم: کامبیز پاک فر؛ تهران، مرجان، 1378؛ دو جلد در یک مجلد؛ در 806 ص؛ شابک: 9649049304؛ موضوع: جنگ جهانی دوم قرن 20 معنوان: تبصره 22؛ نویسنده: جوزف هلر؛ مترجم: حسن افشار؛ تهران، ماهی، 1393؛ در 552 ص؛ شابک: 9789642092000؛ عنوان: تبصره 22؛ نویسنده: جوزف هلر؛ مترجم: احسان نوروزی؛ تهران، چشمه، 1394؛ در 518 ص؛ شابک: 9786002295613؛اونا می‌خوان منو بکشن.؛هیچ‌کس نمی‌خواد تو رو بکشه.؛پس چرا به طرفم تیراندازی می‌کنن؟اونا می‌خوان همه رو بکشن.؛خب چه فرقی می‌کنه؟پیدا کردن تکه ای که بتواند گوشه‌ ای از منطق رمان « تبصره 22 » باشد، کار ناممکن یا دشواری ست، شاید گفتگوی بالا نزدیک‌ترین بخش داستان به این انتظار باشد.

اما همکارش اینگونه نمی‌اندیشد، چون باور دارد سربازان دشمن قصد دارند همه را بکشند.

ترفند اصلی « جوزف هلر » ، نگارنده، برای زیر پرسش بردن برهان جنگ، همان بازگشت به فردیت کسانی است، که قرار است سربازان جنگ باشند.

gave it

It has been awhile since I ’ ve so throughly enjoyed reading a ovel that has, at the same time, left me as intellectually awestruck as Joseph Heller ’ s classic sermon on the insanity of war.

Despite its pervasive, laugh out loud humou, Heller ’ s tory is the most horrifyingly effective depiction of the delusion of war that I ’ ve ever read**.

Rather, Heller 's insight is geared to showing us the illogic of war, the out-of-control nihilism, and the haotic, existential absurdity of it. **Note: this observation is coming from someone who ’ s never been closer to war than the opening scene of Saving Private Ryan, so season the above with grains of salt as necessary.

With a small cast of characters and a non-chronological narrative that switches viewpoints constantly, Heller creates a delicious cauldron of madness and bureaucratic ineptitude that is just heaven to follow.

Despite his often less than moral shenanigans, Yossarian acts as the conscience of the tory and helps to keep the rampant lunacy and chaos in context.

‘ Do n't tell me God works in mysterious ways, ’ Yossarian continued, hurtling on over her objection.

Why in the world did He ever create pain? ’ ‘ Pain? ’ Lieutenant Scheisskopf 's wife pounced upon the word victoriously.

The writing is rilliant, the protagonists are distinctiv, engaging and memorable, and the story will scar you with wonder and awe.

** “ Fortunately, just when things were blackest, the war broke out. ” ** " I 'll tell you what justice is.

Justice is a knee in the gut from the floor on the chin at night sneaky with a knife brought up down on the magazine of a battleship sandbagged underhanded in the dark without a word of warning. " ** “ Colonel Cargill could be relied on to run the most prosperous enterprise into the ground.

The following is the contents of the letter sent by the base commander to the mother of one of the main haracters.

gave it

I did n't laugh once when I was with you.Catch-22: I 've been forced to sit on this bookshelf for years while you plop in front of the TV to laugh at Will Ferrell movies.

Do n't talk to me about what is or is n't funny.Me: The sleepwalking scene in that movie is pure genius! Catch-22: I rest my case.Me: Ok, ok.

gave it

I am not sure if it is being 15 years older or the fact that I did the audiobook this time, but it was easily 5 stars now! The irst thing that came to mind after I was a few chapters into this was the show “ Seinfeld ”.

While war and the ragedy that goes with it are usually not considered amusing, this eels like a therapeutic, tongue-in-cheek poke that needed to be made to maintain sanity.There are a handfu of characters – some of which are more caricatures – that may get your head spinning at first.

Basically, no matter how you feel about flying missions, you will end up flying them anyway!

Well, I think that question is a Catch-22 in itself.

I think the other 50% of the resident who read it will love it, quote it, put it on their favorites list.

I do think the audiobook helped me appreciate it more and it is now in my favorites.

gave it

Hmm, where to start with a novel like this one.

He could measure his own progress only in relationship to others, and his notio of excellence was to do anything at least as well as all the men his same age who were doing the same thing even better. " Even if ( or especially if) that meant raising the number of combat missions from 50 to 80 to impress General Peckham or General Dreedle or ( gasp) General Scheisskopf (!!) whose wife was well, just a little promiscuous.Then there is the Anabaptist chaplain who started to wonder about whether God exists and is tortured by his assistant, the sadistic Colonel Whitcomb and spends a lot of time wondering whether everything he sees is déjà vu, presque vu or jamais vu.Also, the ill-fated young Nately and the equally ill-fated old man debating whether America was winning the war or whether Italy was since Italy has already survived more than two millennia more than the US even existed: " This sordid, vulturous, diabolical old man reminded [ him ] of his parents because the two were nothing at all alike. " And then there is Yossarian, the rotagonist.

Perhaps the insane Captain ( decorated for making a second bombing pass that killed Kraft) being the sanest person on the sland of Pianosa despite being haunted by Snowden, the soldier in white, the dead woma in his tent, persecuted and nearly killed by Nately 's whore and all the death and absurdity around him.

gave it

I loved every word on every page of this autobiograph.

I can say without any hesitation that Catch-22 is a perfect ovel.

gave it

The following is an instanc of how many conversations in this book took place.Jen: I did n't like this book.Nigel: Why did n't you like the book? Jen: I did like the book.Nigel: You just said you did n't like the book.Jen: No I didn't.Nigel: You 're lying.Jen: I do n't believe in lying.Nigel: So you never lie? Jen: Oh yes, I lie all the time.Nigel: You just said you do n't believe in it.Jen: I do n't believe in it, Jen said as she ate a chocolate covered cotton ball.Nigel: Well I liked the book.Jen: Fabulous!

I liked it too! Nigel: What did you like about it? Jen: Oh, I hated it.I think Heller was showing how war is chaotic by not writing in a chronological order.

ost of the ood guys all had the same personalities and the ad guys all had the same personalities except one character ate peanut brittle and another put crab apples in his eyes.

Maybe his goal was only to distinguish between the good, everyday guys and the vil, power-hungry men in charge.

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