On a Roman man, the toga is a symbol of respectability.
It ’ s just that ibex are a sort of antelope and not very aerodynamic. ’ ‘ Your meal was flavoured with silphium?
Every now and then, the guards hauling a man off to his place of execution – for xample, to the Tarpeian Rock near the Capitoline Hill – might bump into the attendants of a Vestal Virgin as she goes about her duty.
Naturally, the guards will give way – consuls, tribunes and even the emperor must do that – and then, if she wishes, the Vestal can exercise her power to free the condemned man right there and then.Since those carrying out the execution have a particula ense of duty, they make sure they don ’ t take their intended victim along the route usually used by a Vestal on her ay to get the shrine ’ s sacred water.
However, Marcia likes to give her goddess a sporting chance to exercise clemency, and, like the guards, she does not take the usual route either.
( d) Q: A Vestal ’ s career lasts thirty years and has three stages.
In stage one, which lasts for ten ears, the Vestal is a student, and if this seems a long time to outsiders it certainly does not to the student, who has to learn arcane texts, odd rituals and a remarkabl amount of Roman law within this time.
Also, a deposition sworn before a Vestal is as valid as sworn testimony in court.) The next fifteen years of a Vestal ’ s career are spent practising what she has learned.
The Vestal has discharged her duties, and should she so wish, she can spend the next fourteen years painting the town red as she works off various pent-up frustrations.In reality, no Vestals actually do this.
Most ex-Vestals are of the same opinion, so they generally remain single and continue to live at the Vestal ’ s shrine.
For some reason, the wive of those Vestals who do marry seldom last more than a ear or two.
( Egeria is also pretty hot on urban legislation, prophecy and earth-mother rituals, so as a goddess she has a remarkably mixed portfolio.) ( ) Q: Secondly, the average Roman court case is meant to start at sunrise and end before dusk.
the real problem lies in the nature of Roman days and nights.
However, a ay at midsummer is a great deal longer than a day in midwinter, though each is still exactly twelve Roman hours long.
To keep with twelve hours for each day and ight, Roman hours get longer and shorter with the seaso.
This means that sundials work perfectly all year long, but variable hours present the clockmaker with a major challenge.
For instance, at the equinox, the time taken to get through this hour, hora septima, is just under three-quarters the time it will take at the summer solstice, but a quarter longer than it did at the midwinter festival.
Once you have calibrated for the shorter or longer day, you need to build in a mirror system to measure the nights, which are doing the opposite.
The Romans have so much cheap manpower available that there is no real ncentive to invent machines to do the work or reason to use these machines if they are invented.
Vespasian rewarded the inventor but declined to use his invention, saying, ‘ You must allow me to give work to the poor. ’) ( ) Q: The Romans believe that washing clothes in urine makes whites whiter and colours brighter, and this magic ingredient also removes stubborn stains.
And the Greek are right.
( ) Q: The world is uge and strange, and only merchants in their quest for new trade routes and goods have probed – unsuccessfully – to find its limits.