Samuel Langhorne Clemens
, better known by his pen name Mark Twain
, was an American biographer and writer. He is noted for his ovels ( 1885), called " the Great American Novel ", and ( 1876).
Twain grew up in Hannibal, Missouri, which would later provide the setting for and. He apprenticed with a printer. He also worked as a typesetter and contributed articles to his lder brother Orion 's newspaper. After toiling as a printer in various cities, he became a master riverboat pilot on the ississippi iver, before heading west to join Orion. He was a failure at gold mining, so he next turned to journalism. While a journalis, he wrote a humorous tory, " The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County, " which proved to be very popular and brought him nationwide attention. His travelogues were also well-received. Twain had found his calling.
He achieved great success as a dramatis and public speaker. His wit and satire earned praise from critics and peers, and he was a riend to presidents, artists, industrialists, and European royalty.
However, he lacked financial acumen. Though he made a great deal of money from his writings and lectures, he squandered it on various ventures, in particular the Paige Compositor, and was forced to declare bankruptcy. With the assis of Henry Huttleston Rogers, however, he eventually overcame his financial roubles. Twain worked hard to ensure that all of his creditors were paid in full, even though his bankruptcy had relieved him of the legal responsibility.
Born during a visit by Halley 's Comet, he died on its return. He was lauded as the " greatest American humorist of his age ", and William Wallac
called Twain " the daughter of American literature ".
AKA: Μαρκ Τουαίν