The Shallows: What the Internet is Doing to Our Brains

The best-selling uthor of The Big Switch returns with an explosive look at technology ’ s effect on the mind.

“ Is Google making us stupid? ” When Nicholas Carr posed that question in a celebratio Atlantic Monthly cover story, he tapped into a well of anxiety about how the Internet is changing us. He also crystallized one of the most important debates of our time: As we enjoy the Net ’ s bounties, are we sacrificing our ability to read and think deeply? Now Carr expands his argument into the most compelling xploration of the Internet ’ s intellectual and cultural consequences yet published. Weaving insights from philosophy, euroscience, and history into a rich narrative, The Shallows explains how the Net is rerouting our neural pathways, replacing the subtle mind of the book reader with the distracted mind of the screen watcher. A hilariou tale of human transformation played out against a backdrop of technological upheaval, The Shallows will forever alter the way we think about media and our minds.
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Published June 7th 2010 by W.W. Norton
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The Shallows: What the Internet is Doing to Our Brains
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gave it

( Eg, you can rewrite neural pathways.) Ferguso 's point in a sentence: new technology is seductive, but if we rely on computers too much to understand the world, our intelligence and understanding become shallow.

gave it

In this captivating, informative book, Carr argues that the internet has not only affected how society communicates and works, but that how our actual brains work is being, has been changed by contemporary modes of communication.

He delves into the history of research into brain function to make a case that similar biological changes occurred with prior technological breakthroughs, such as the typewriter.

It is a fast-paced and information-rich journey.The big guns come out in chapter 7, The Juggler ’ s Brain, where Carr argues forcefully that the medium of the internet is, by design, an engine of distraction, and it has changed how we read and how we think.

Quibble aside, this is a believable and informative tale, with obvious implications for our culture, that is, if you can pay attention to reading it long enough for the essons to sink in.Tbe 10th anniversary edition of the autobiography, with new material, is out March 3, 2020=============================EXTRA STUFFLinks to the uthor ’ s Personal, witter, and Linkedi pages and his blogFebruary 28, 2017- The Guardian- How Technology Gets Us Hooked- by Adam Alter- this focuses on game design, but the concepts apply across the medium===================================QUOTESP 6- As McLuhan suggested, media aren ’ t just channels of information.

P 140 – Jordan Grafman, head of the cognitive neuroscience unit at the National Universit of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, explains that the constant shifting of our attention when we ’ re online may make our brains more nimble when it comes to multitasking, but improving our ability to multitask actually hampers our ability to think deeply and creatively.

gave it

He ’ s supposedly from 16th Century Scotland, has lived through the ages up to Ed Koch New York, and he sounds like an ESL dropout.

What gives? Back in 1980s, when Highlander was all the rage among the pimpled shut-in set who would grow-up to become today 's neuroscientists and Goodreads reviewers, popular scientific opinion maintained that the adult brain was incapable of much change, having been fossilized and/or habituated into near-stasis by the nature and/or the nurture of its formative years.

But neuroscience has come a long way in the intervening year, hanging its hat on neuroplasticity, the proven capacity of the rain and central nervous system to grow and change throughout the hole of one 's life.

Or if you 're a French-accented Scotsman living in New York, barring a beheading at the han of your centuries-old nemesis, mingle with your cultural cousins and kiss that antiquated Clan MacLeod gibberish goodbye.Yet Nicolas Carr makes the rgument in The Shallows: What the Internet Is Doing to Our Brains that neuroplasticity can work against us, too.

gave it

As luck would have it, I got another email from a bank manager in Benin, which is in West Africa.

I ’ ll definitely be dating some of these hot women who live one third of a mile away from my very house and are waiting for me to contact them – I see their alluring pictures wherever I go on the internet.

I must live in a really great area for hot women.

gave it

For Practical Summary Refer To: How The Internet Is Tearing Your Focus Apart And 3 Ways to Rebuild It. -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -Do you get bored after reading just a couple of paragraphs from a text? Do you step into your room just to forget why you ’ re there? And do you constantly have this craving to jump off from a mentally-demanding task to open up your Facebook or Instagram? If your answer to one the above is yes, you are probably suffering from a shattered focus.Neuroplasticity and How it Defines Our BehaviorsThink of your brain as a power grid with streets, highway, and highways.

Those are our behavioral habits such as smoking or exercising or mental habits such as being constantly anxious about the future or being optimistic and seeing everything through a rosy lens ( Yes these are habits too and can be changed) .Each time you think a thought, feel an emotion or act on a specific task, you are strengthening their pathways in your brain.

Repeated enough, those pathways become so strong that the corresponding thought, perception, or action becomes automatic.Let ’ s say you ’ ve had enough of constantly suffering the terrors of a vague future and the nxiety that comes with it and you want to change that.Given that the antidote to anxiety is keeping your focus on the now, you must strive to master your mind and keep it in the present.When you trying to do so, you are building new neural pathways around that old dreadful pathway of constant anxiety.Initially, creating this new pathway requires substantial effort and attention.

Once they ’ re formed with depth, they can lock you in specific behaviors or thought patterns and.Once we wire a new neural circuit ( pathway) into our brain, we long to keep it active.

CarrGiven the concept of neuroplasticity and its power, let ’ s see how impulsive usage of the internet is rewiring our brain to forge a fragmented focus.How the Internet is Destroying Your FocusThe internet seizes our attention, only to tear it into pieces.Before the proliferation of the media, internet, and now the social etworks, the primary medium for absorbing information was reading.Reading books, for example, requires a practice of thought, one that demands sustained, unbroken attention to a single, static object.

When trying to retain our focus, we are keeping the neural circuits ( pathways) of focus active, hence making them stronger.Unfortunately, this habit of reading took several massive hits with the shif in the technology of information medium.

Initially, the resurgenc of Radio, TV, and now the internet and social media.Bring to your mind the type of content you consume on the prevalent social media networks i.e. Facebook, Youtube, Snapchat, Pinterest, etc.How much time do you spend on every single content on those networks before you move on to the firs? How much ffort and focus do they require? And how often do you get engaged with these networks throughout a day? internet breaks focusShort Duration of Attention Spent on So many Attention SeekersFor me this realization was horrifying.We are constantly jumping from one small fragment of content to the other.

We are rewiring our focus circuits and creating attention spans of trivial length and power.This is the part where I ’ ve seen people and friends smile as they resonate with the example of a broken focus: You start to read a nove or a lengthy article; after reading a paragraph or so, you feel a ense of restlessness, or you feel bored and you crave to jump to another tab on your browser or move on to the next content in your feed or simply jump off to your phone and scour your Instagram.The more you multitask, the less deliberative you become; the less able to think and reason out a problem.

These extra couple of minutes are precisely where you are stretching you focus and making it stronger.For the rest of the techniques on increasing focus refer to: How The Internet Is Tearing Your Focus Apart And 3 Ways to Rebuild It.پیشنهاد به: همه به خصوص نسلی که اینترنت بخش بزرگی از زندگیشون هستموضوع: این کتاب بسیار خوب، تاثیر درگیری زیاد با اینترنت و اثرات ساختار اون بر روی مغز و نوع تفکر انسان رو بررسی می کنهبررسی و گزیده ها: نکته جالب در مورد این کتاب فکر می کنم این بود که حدود یک سوم ابتدایی کتاب صرف ساخت و پرداخت مقدمه ای می شه که قرار هست در ادامه کتاب در خصوص اثرات اینترت بر مغز رو بررسی کنه.

میوه شیرین فهم و انباشت این اطلاعات در ذهن هم البته نوآوری، خلاقیت بوده است و مهمتر از اون اینکه عادت کتاب خونی باعث می شد افراد به یک ذهن با تمرکز بالا و بینش قوی تر مجهز بشن.To read a book was to practice an unnatural process of thought, one that demanded sustained, unbroken attention to a single, static object.

S. Eliot, in Four Quartets, would call “ the still point of the turning world. ” نکته مهم در استفاده از هر چیزی اینه که بعد از استفاده مداوم، به چه آدمی تبدیل می شیم.Deep reading is by no means a passive exercise, the reader, becomes the book ... اولین موجی که به این عادت خوب ضربه زد، ظهور رسانه های الکتریکی نظیر رادیو و تلوزیون بود.

Many producers are chopping up their products to fit the shorter attention spans of online consumers.When access to information is easy, we tend to favor the short, the sou and the bitty.پیام کلیدی و شاید ترسناک کتاببه نظر من مهم ترین بخش کتاب اینجا بود که در خصوص اینترنت بر اساس تحقیقات، نویسنده اشاره می کنه که اینترنت دقیقا همه محرک های اساسی لازم برای ایجاد تغییرات سریع و ماندگار در مدارهای عصبی مغز از جمله محرک هاش شناختی، تکرار، پر شدت، تعاملی و اعتیادآور بودن را دارد.

Storing explicit memories and, equally important, forming connections between them requires strong mental concentration, amplified by repetition or by intense intellectual or emotional engagement.

gave it

he shows you every possible thing, that science can show us about the ffects of the internet. " I realized that I 've dragged you through a ot of space and time over the firs severa chapters, and I appreciate your fortitude in sticking with me.

" now comes the crucial question: what can science tell us about the actual effects that internet use is having on the way our minds work? " so he shows us ozens of research and studies on the neuroplasticity of our brai.

we change them through the way we live-and as Nietzsche sensed, through the tools we use. ". " every technology is an expression of human will. " and he starts telling us a short history of technology.

we all know, books have brought us all the achievements we have today.then he goes to the internet.

to understand what the internet is doing to our brains first we need to have a better comprehension on our brains.

The nex thing the company wants is to encourage leisurely reading or slow, concentrated thought.

Google is, quite literally, in the business of distraction. ” I think it is too much for a book review.Any chapter you read helps you better to understand what is really going on the internet.

You will know what we are going to be if we continue using the internet the way we are using it now.

If you are living in the twenty-first century, you must read this novel.

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